Guns 101: Revolvers

Published by the LearnAboutGuns.com Author on March 31, 2010 at 12:01 am
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This Guns 101 article provides basic information about revolvers, which are a type of handgun:

Smith & Wesson Model 610 Revolver

Basics

Revolvers (also sometimes called “wheel guns”) are a type of handgun.  The defining characteristic of a revolver is that ammunition is held in a revolving cylinder.  Each round of ammunition is in its own chamber, which lines up with the barrel when it is time for that round to be fired.  This differs from semiautomatic pistols, which generally have just one chamber (that is part of the barrel), and move cartridges in and out of that chamber for firing.

Single action revolvers require that the user manually pull back the hammer (located at the rear of the gun), in order to rotate the cylinder and cock the gun before pulling the trigger for each shot. Double action only revolvers require only that the user pull the trigger, which will result in the cylinder being rotated and the hammer being cocked, and then the gun will fire, all in one trigger pull.  Double/single action revolvers allow the user to operate the gun using either mode.  Most modern revolvers are double/single action or double action only.  Single action revolvers, and double/single action revolvers being fired in single action mode, tend to have require that less pressure be applied to the trigger. For example, a revolver may require 3 pounds of trigger pressure in single action mode, and 6 pounds of trigger pressure in double action mode.

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Ammunition

Revolvers generally used rimmed cartridges, which are cartridges that have a protruding ridge at the base (see the picture below, of a .38 special round, as an example).  This rim is important because it gives the revolver’s ejector a surface against which to press, allowing the easy removal of spent cartridges.  Some common revolver cartridges are .22 long rifle, .357 magnum, .38 special, and .44 magnum.

.38 Special

Some revolvers, such as the Smith and Wesson Model 610, are chambered for rimless cartridges (see picture below, of a 9mm round, an example).  These cartridges don’t have a rim at the base, but instead have a grove near the base.  The benefit of using rimless cartridges is that these revolvers can fire the same ammunition as the user’s semiautomatic pistol.  For example, I own a Smith and Wesson Model 610 because it can fire the same .40 S&W ammunition as my favorite pistol, the Springfield XD-40. Since these cartridges lack a rim for the revolver’s ejector to press against, such revolvers use moon clips to hold the rounds together for easy loading and ejecting.

9mm

Revolvers versus semiautomatic pistols

+ The key advantage that revolvers have over semiautomatic pistols is reliability.  Should a round fail to fire on a (double/single action or double action only) revolver, the user need only pull the trigger again to fire the next round.  On a semiautomatic pistol, the user would need to manually pull back the slide to chamber another round.  In a life or death situation, that added reliability can be an advantage – especially for those who are newer to gun ownership.  Additionally, revolvers are less mechanically complex, further reducing the potential for unreliability.  That said, modern pistols are quite reliable, and I would have no problem trusting my life to either a pistol or revolver.

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+ Another advantage that revolvers have over pistols is that revolvers don’t automatically eject spent cartridges.  This can make clean-up at the shooting range easier.

+ Although just about every gun is simple and easy for even a beginner to learn to use, revolvers tend to be simpler than semiautomatic pistols.  Some have as few as three controls: a button to allow the cylinder to swing out for loading/unloading, the ejector to remove spent cartridges, and the trigger to fire the gun.

– On the down side, revolvers tend to hold fewer rounds than semiautomatic pistols.  For example, many revolvers hold 6 rounds, while a capacity of 12 or more rounds is common on modern pistols. While most self defense gun uses don’t require more than 6 rounds, it is better to have extra rounds and not need them, than to need extra rounds and not have them.

– Revolvers also tend to be bulkier than semiautomatic pistols, due to the protruding cylinder that is the revolver’s defining characteristic.  This bulkiness can be a major drawback for concealed carry permit holders.

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  • http://armaborealis.blogspot.com/ Chris from AK

    One other advantage of a revolver, in my opinion, is that common revolver cartridges tend to have more energy than their semiauto counterparts.

    For example, a .357 magnum with 158 g bullet may have a muzzle velocity of 1200 FSP and energy over 500 ft/lbs. A 40 S&W 180 grain bullet might have a muzzle velocity of just under 1000 FPS with energy over 350 ft/lbs. The revolver rounds benefit significantly from a longer barrel, by the way — I wouldn't want to shoot powerful .357 rounds from a snubbie!

    This energy difference is particularly important when dealing with wild animals. Living in AK, my go-to trail gun is my revolver. While I like my polymer .40 SW for CCW around town, I feel better about a .357 mag than a .40 SW. While I'd feel better still with a .44 magnum revolver, the .357 is the largest that both my wife and I can shoot accurately under stress and a hit with a .357 is better than a miss with a .44!

    • Rozyredtoes

      To Chris from AK, You are right about the revolver just wrong about the model. Get a judge and you can convene your own court and do the sentencing as you see fit.

      • http://www.learnaboutguns.com The LearnAboutGuns.c

        If you're loading .45 Long Colt, the judge is a good self defense gun. But with birdshot, buckshot, or slugs, the Judge is not that impressive for self defense purposes: http://www.learnaboutguns.com/2008/05/10/the-taur

        • Clemorswhomp

          You are so wrong about the judge that you should be issued a bow and arrow with a sucks-ion cup on the end. Please don't refer to that bucket of truth nonsense. Have you ever fired a judge, have you ever seen what it will do? If you like .45's buy one if you want to turn somebody into chopped liver get a judge. I have taken eight people at different times to my pistol range and shown them what a judge will do and they all ended up buying one. I live in hillbilly land where a gun gets more drool on it than a big pink titty, these folks love guns and they love the judge. When you finally get thoroughly dry behind the ears you will most likely come to your senses. Next chance you get ask his honor what he keeps under his robes.

  • Cory

    I think we have missed one other very important thing. A revolver can be left loaded indefinitely. There are no magazine springs to wear out. That makes it a superior CCW choice for people who always carry.

    • http://www.learnaboutguns.com The LearnAboutGuns.c

      That is certainly a benefit, although I'm not sure it is *that much* of a benefit.

      My understanding is that most of the wear on a magazine spring comes from loading/unloading, not just leaving it loaded. I've heard of magazines that were loaded then stored for 30 years having no spring problems. A good discussion on that can be seen here: http://www.thehighroad.us/archive/index.php/t-327

    • lacey

      seems to me a semi automatic is better for defense. bc all u do is pull back barrel once & shoot up to however many shots u want. if im wrong plz tell me & explain y

  • chris

    what revolver to use to defend against a Bear? Grizzly specially? Thanks

  • yohan

    just bought a 38 special not a 38+p now dose that take a 380 bullet.

  • lacey

    ive own guns my whole life. but only had 2 pistols. sad part is i dont kno the difference is the caliber. like whats the diference in a .40 & 9mm